About Lois

Lois was born in New York City to Louis Wersba, a manufacturer of fine clothing, and Natalie Mann, daughter of a theatrical family; both had a discerning eye for art and theatre. She studied at the Fieldston School, an offshoot of the Ethical Culture movement, where she benefited from noteworthy teachers. Among her classmates were the two daughters of Anne O. Thomson, a Swedish‐American woman to whom Lois became very close and came to consider her “adoptive mother.”


Young Lois in New York City

After a short stint at Elmira College, Lois transferred to Barnard College, where the strong liberal arts education encouraged her passion for the social sciences. After a brief unsuccessful marriage, Lois began graduate studies in sociology at Columbia University, where major scholars such as Robert and Helen Lynd, Paul Lazarsfeld, C. Wright Mills and Nathan Glazer contributed to a great moment in American social thought.

In the early 1950s, Lois won a Fulbright grant to Uppsala, Sweden, that would change her life. She quickly fell in love with the Swedish language and soon became fluent. Able to communicate with peers, Lois discovered her gift for making serious, lasting connections across cultures. Among the many life‐long friends Lois made at Uppsala University was Hans Blix, Swedish diplomat, foreign minister, and finally head of the International Atomic Energy Commission.

Upon her return to the U.S., Lois joined the American‐Scandinavian Foundation (ASF) as special assistant to the president, Lithgow Osborne, and his next two successors. At ASF she worked on a vast array of projects, including translations, publications, and event planning, swiftly becoming indispensable. Lois soon got involved in larger and more important projects, including bringing Finland into the ASF program and persuading the Ford Foundation to give extensive familiarization grants to forty prominent Finns, whom she shepherded around the U.S. Lois’ involvement in this prominent project turned her into a kind of celebrity in Finland: arriving in Helsinki for a visit on the same day as Vice‐President Lyndon Johnson, she found her story and picture above the front‐page fold, with LBJ’s below.


Lois receives the Superior Service Award, for her work as Director of the Iran-American Society, from Harold J. Schneidman, Director of USIA’s Information Centers Service

In 1961 Lois was galvanized by the Kennedy moment, like many other Americans, and applied to join the US Information Agency (USIA)—but at the time, USIA did not accept women for lateral entry positions. So, after leaving ASF, she spent her evenings translating the novel Roseanna—the first in a series of groundbreaking mysteries by the Swedish crime‐fiction couple, Maj Sjöwall and Per Wahlöö; it was published by Pantheon Books in 1967, and has remained in print for over four decades.

Five full years after first applying to work for USIA, in 1966 Lois was accepted into the Agency’s Foreign Service and assigned to Tehran. There Lois served first as deputy to the Cultural Affairs Officer, and then as director of the massive Iran‐America Society (IAS), a bi‐national organization devoted to English language learning, cultural exchanges and the fine and performing arts. In a period during which Iran was in a ferment of cultural activity and experimentation, IAS under Lois’ direction became one of the single most significant centers for such activity in the country.


Lois Roth and Dick Arndt in Paris in 1980

After five years in Tehran, Lois returned to the first of several demanding jobs in Washington and abroad: desk officer for the Scandinavian countries at the US State Department, and Washington consultant for bi‐national centers worldwide. Lois was then elected Secretary of the American Foreign Service Association, at a time when younger members were pressing for serious reform in the State Department. In April of 1973, she married Richard Arndt, a Tehran colleague, and, following her work in DC, served as cultural program officer in Rome, then Paris.

In 1980, Lois came back to the U.S. to spend a year in the Department of State’s prestigious Senior Seminar, a year-long inter‐agency program that prepared participants for upper‐echelon leadership roles. She was named USIA’s Deputy Director for Centers, Books, Libraries, and English Teaching. She was then appointed to head Arts America, USIA’s global program for fine and performing arts, which she began seriously to re‐imagine, devoting to it her hallmark energy, dedication and brave creativity. An early bout with breast cancer in 1982 failed to slow her down, and indeed seemed to have been overcome.


Lois at the American Scandinavian Society

Throughout, Lois served as mentor and inspiration to younger generations of foreign service officers. In particular, she sought to offer them training in the art of cultural and intellectual diplomacy, which was usually missing in institutional orientation efforts. Lois also headed the Women’s Action Organization (WAO) and played a role in reshaping embassy life for women and spouses. She also wrote two articles that had a deep impact on USIA’s foreign service. The first, entitled “Nice Girl or Pushy Bitch: Two Roads to Non‐Promotion,” reported on her experience serving on two promotion panels, ten years apart; here, Lois analyzed how, for many years, women officers were kept, or kept themselves from promotions by stereotyping. Her second major article, entitled “Public Diplomacy and the Past: The Search for an American Style of Propaganda 1952‐1977,” was originally produced for the Senior Seminar and examined the tension between long‐standing, competing ideas of how the U.S. should conduct what is now termed “public diplomacy,” and a cultural approach—detailing the problems caused by orienting “informational” functions to short‐term foreign policy aims. Published first by the State Department, then by Tufts University, it found its fullest expression in an updated version anthologized by Ulloth and Brasch in The Press and the State (1986).

In January 1986, Lois died of complications from a recurrence of her cancer. Her curiosity and her warmth were boundless and, throughout her life, those she met understood and responded to both. She is dearly missed for her work to promote cross‐cultural understanding, her advocacy for young people and women in USIA and beyond, and her never‐ending willingness to work for what was right. Lois’ memory lives on through the Endowment, which was established in 1988 by her widower, Richard T. Arndt.

Lois is featured in the National Museum of American Diplomacy’s #HerDiplomacy feature, which highlights women who have blazed trails in cultural diplomacy in the US and abroad. The Museum’s overview of her life and accomplishments is available here.